Wednesday

Unlawful Disclosure of Intimate Visual Material | Harris County Criminal Lawyers

Revenge Porn

The prosecution of cases involving revenge porn has become more widespread in Texas. The term revenge porn refers to the act of sharing nude photographs or videos of a person without their consent. Recently, revenge porn is in more news stories.
Unlawful disclosure or promotion of intimate visual material, otherwise known as revenge porn, is a serious crime. Revenge porn is used by offenders to harass, embarrass, or shame their victims. It is often done by the posting of revealing or sexually explicit images or videos of a person on the Internet, usually by an angry ex-lover, without the consent of the subject and in order to harm them. It can also refer to an offender threatening a victim with the disclosure of such images or videos in order to obtain a benefit, such as financial gain.
To gain the most exposure, the offender will usually upload the intimate material to popular websites where such material is easily available. To further traumatize the victim, the offender sometimes includes with the material the victim’s identifying information, including their name, address, profession and social media accounts.
In 2015, the Texas Legislature enacted the statute that made the unlawful disclosure or promotion of intimate visual material a crime. This statute makes revenge porn a felony sexual offense and can result in harsh punishment.

Attorney for Revenge Porn Crimes in Houston, TX

Criminal charges for revenge porn can ruin your personal and professional life. Not only can you face serious punishment, but you could also be left stigmatized in your own community.
If you or a loved one has been charged with a revenge porn crime in the Greater Houston area, it is important you seek an experienced criminal lawyer.
The defense attorneys at James G. Sullivan & Associates represent clients in criminal cases involving revenge porn. These cases can be difficult to defend. Sometimes the charges require expert witness testimony and a complete understanding of different Internet platforms.
Our lawyers at James G. Sullivan & Associates are experienced in defending sex crimes and criminal revenge porn cases in the greater Houston area. Call us today at (281) 546-6428 for a free initial consultation on any revenge porn case in Harris County and surrounding counties.

Revenge Porn Defined under Texas Law

Texas Penal Code Sec. 21.16 does not use the term revenge porn. Instead Texas law defines so-called revenge porn as the unlawful disclosure or promotion of intimate visual material.
According to the statute, a person commits an offense if:
  • Without the consent of the depicted person and with the intent to harm that person, the offender discloses visual material depicting another person with the person’s intimate parts exposed or engaged in sexual conduct;
  • At the time of the disclosure, the offender knows or has reason to believe that the visual material was obtained by him or created under circumstances in which the depicted person had a reasonable expectation that the visual material would remain private;
  • The disclosure of the visual material causes harm to the depicted person; and
  • The disclosure of the visual material reveals the identity of the depicted person in any manner, including through:
  • Any accompanying or subsequent information or material related to the visual material; or
  • Information or material provided by a third party in response to the disclosure of the visual material.
A person also commits this offense if the offender intentionally threatens to disclose, without the consent of the depicted person, visual material depicting another person with the person’s intimate parts exposed or engaged in sexual conduct and the offender makes the threat to obtain a benefit:
  • In return for not making the disclosure; or
  • In connection with the threatened disclosure.
Lastly, a person also commits this offense if, knowing the character and content of the visual material, the offender promotes visual material described above on an Internet website or other forum for publication that is owned or operated by him.

Possible Punishment for Revenge Porn

Chapter 12 of the Texas Penal Code lists the felony punishment for revenge porn in Houston.
Revenge porn is usually charged as a state jail felony. A conviction for such a felony is punishable by confinement in a state jail for any term between 180 days and two years, and a fine up to $10,000.

Possible Defenses to Revenge Porn

Now that revenge porn is covered more in the news, the general public has grown more disgusted by the acts of alleged offenders. If you have been charged with unlawful disclosure of sensitive materials, you need a strong legal defense.
These are some possible defenses that could reduce or mitigate the charge:
  • Establishing you had “effective consent” of the depicted person in the sensitive visual material;
  • Refuting that you knew the character and content of the visual material you are accused of promoting online; or
  • Refuting that the disclosure of the visual material caused harm to the depicted person

Finding an Attorney for Revenge Porn Charges in Harris County, TX

If you or a loved one have been charged with revenge porn or related sex crime, contact an attorney at James G. Sullivan & Associates for a free initial consultation. Call today at (281) 546-6428 for a free initial consultation on any revenge porn case in Harris County, Fort Bend County and Montgomery County.
Our attorneys advocate zealously for our clients. We work hard to get the best possible outcome for your case.

James G. Sullivan & Associates | Houston Revenge Porn Lawyer

James Sullivan graduated from Gerry Spence’s Trial Lawyers College, the most selective and prestigious trial advocacy program in America. Sullivan has a proven record of defending people from all walks of life, faiths and countries in courts throughout Texas.

Aggravated Kidnapping | Harris County Criminal Lawyers

Aggravated Kidnapping

Aggravated kidnapping is a serious felony offense in Houston. A conviction for aggravated kidnapping can result in severe punishment, including lengthy prison time and a large fine. Such a conviction can also adversely impact your professional career, personal life, and basic civil rights.
It is important to hire an experienced Houston criminal defense lawyer because criminal charges for aggravated kidnapping do not have to result in a conviction and the resulting lifelong consequences. In order to convict you, the state prosecutor must prove to a jury that you committed every element of the felony offense beyond a reasonable doubt. With an experienced trial lawyer defending you, this can be a very difficult burden to meet, and any reasonable doubt in the mind of any of the members of the jury can result in a not guilty verdict or a hung jury. Therefore, it is vital to contact an experienced criminal attorney in Houston who will fight for your rights, freedom and future.

Attorney for Aggravated Kidnapping Lawyer in Houston, Texas

If you or a loved one has been charged with aggravated kidnapping in Harris county (Houston), or any of the surrounding counties in Texas, including Montgomery (Conroe), or Fort Bend (Richmond),  contact James G. Sullivan and Associates for a free consultation at (281) 546-6428.  Attorney James (Jim) Sullivan will fight for your rights, freedom and future.
Texas Penal Code Sec. 20.03 defines kidnapping charges as intentionally or knowingly abducting another person. Texas Penal Code Sec. 20.01 defines “abduct” as to restrain a person with intent to prevent his liberation by secreting or holding him in a place where he is not likely to be found; or, by using or threatening to use deadly force.
A charge of aggravated kidnapping has enhanced punishment because it is considered a crime of violence.

What makes for an Aggravated Kidnapping under Texas Law?

According to Texas Penal Code Sec. 20.04, a person can be charged with aggravated kidnapping if he intentionally or knowingly abducts another person with the intent to:
  • hold him for ransom or reward;
  • use him as a shield or hostage;
  • facilitate the commission of a felony or the flight after the attempt or commission of a felony;
  • inflict bodily injury on him or violate or abuse him sexually;
  • terrorize him or a third person; or
  • interfere with the performance of any governmental or political function.
In addition, the offender can be charged with aggravated kidnapping if he intentionally or knowingly abducts another person and uses or exhibits a deadly weapon during the commission of the offense.

Punishment for Aggravated Kidnapping in Texas

Aggravated kidnapping carries serious punishment. Aggravated kidnapping is charged as a felony of the first degree.
If convicted of an aggravated kidnapping, the possible punishment range is:
  • incarceration in prison for life or for any term of not more than 99 years or less than 5 years, and a possible fine up to $10,000; or,
  • if at the punishment stage of a trial the offender proves that he voluntarily released the victim in a safe place, the conviction for an aggravated kidnapping is reduced to a felony of the second degree. This charge can result in incarceration in prison for any term of not more than 20 years or less than 2 years, and a possible fine up to $10,000.

Finding a Lawyer for Aggravated Kidnapping in Harris County, TX

Have you or a loved one been charged with kidnapping or related charges in the Greater Houston area? Call James G. Sullivan and Associates today for a free consultation.
Kidnapping is a serious crime that may result in an aggravated felony charge. The punishment for aggravated kidnapping relies heavily on intent, so a strong legal defense is necessary. It is vital that you do not speak with law enforcement before first speaking with an experienced criminal defense attorney. It could be the difference between prison or exoneration.
If you are stressed out, overwhelmed and need guidance, call the lawyers at James G. Sullivan and Associates. We are dedicated to protecting your rights. We care about our clients and strive to get the best possible result.
We accept clients throughout the Greater Houston area, including Conroe in Montgomery County and Richmond in Fort Bend County.
Contact the attorneys at James G. Sullivan and Associates today at (281) 546-6428. Do not let this accusation consume and take over your life.

Friday

Interference with Emergency Call | Houston Criminal Lawyers

Interference with Emergency Call

Stopping someone from calling 911 may not seem serious, but under Texas law it is a crime. Interfering with an emergency phone call is a criminal offense according to Texas Penal Code Section 42.062. A person accused of such a crime can be charged with a Class A misdemeanor.
Frequently, interfering with an emergency request for assistance case stems from family violence. Every situation is different. There are many reasons why a person might stop another from calling 911. However, prosecutors take this Texas law very seriously and are not very sympathetic when it comes to preventing a 911 call. Because they mostly side with the alleged victim, the charge of interference with an emergency call can be hard to beat.
It is important to seek experienced legal representation if you’re charged with interference with an emergency call.

Houston Interference with Emergency Call

Have you or a loved one been charged with interfering with an emergency call? These cases usually rely heavily on the word of an alleged victim. To put such a person’s credibility in doubt you need effective legal representation. Contact James G. Sullivan and Associates today and talk with an experienced criminal defense attorney.
We represent people from all over the Greater Houston area including Katy, Cypress, Jersey Village, Tomball, Spring, Humble, Pasadena, and many other nearby communities. Each of our attorneys have over 25 years handling domestic violence charges in Harris County, Fort Bend County and Montgomery County. Do not let a misunderstanding end in a criminal record. Allow us to fight for you to get the best possible outcome for your case.
Call (281) 546-6428 for a free initial consultation.

Texas Law on Interference with Emergency Request for Assistance

The Texas Penal Code lists two ways for which a person can be charged with interference with an emergency call—
  1. Section 42.062(a) states that an individual commits a crime of interference with an emergency call when her or she knowingly:
    • Prevents or interferes with another individual’s ability to place an emergency call or to request assistance, including a request for assistance using an electronic communications device, in an emergency from a law enforcement agency, medical facility or other agency or entity the primary purpose of which is to provide for the safety of individuals.
  2. Section 42.062(b) states an individual can be charged with interference with an emergency call if he or she recklessly:
    • Recklessly renders unusable an electronic communications device, including a telephone, that would otherwise be used by another individual to place an emergency call or to request assistance in an emergency from a law enforcement agency, medical facility, or other agency or entity the primary purpose of which is to provide for the safety of individuals.
Section 42.062(d) defines “emergency’ as a condition or circumstance in which any individual is or is reasonably believed by the individual making a call or requesting assistance to be in fear of imminent assault or fear of damage to property.

Punishment for Interfering with an Emergency Call

Every circumstance is different. There are two sides to every story, especially when it involves dating and family relationships. However, Texas law can be severe to those who interfere with or inhibit an emergency call. If convicted, the penalty is a Class A misdemeanor.
The range of punishment for a Class A misdemeanors can be:
  • Incarceration for up to one year in county jail; and/or
  • A fine of up to $4,000.
If the accused has been previously convicted of interference with an emergency call, the accused can be charged with a state jail felony.
Punishment for a state jail felony can possibly result in:
  • Incarceration for up to two years in a state jail; and/or
  • A fine of up to $10,000.

Additional Resource

Texas 911 & Kari’s Law – The local 911 website explains the circumstances that led to the adoption of the law which went into effect on September 1, 2016. “The law represents the culmination of efforts in the aftermath of the murder of Kari Hunt in a motel room in Marshall, Texas. Ms. Hunt’s 9-year-old daughter tried to call 9-1-1 for help four times from the motel room phone. The call never went through because she did not know to first dial “9” for an outbound line before dialing “9-1-1.” Now, when using multi-line telephone systems (such as at a motel), callers to 911 no longer have to first dial an initial number, digit, prefix or other access number or code.

Hiring an Attorney for Interfering with an Emergency Call in Harris County, TX

If you or a loved one have been charged with interfering with an emergency call, it is important that you contact a seasoned defense lawyer. Do not despair. Be proactive. Call James G. Sullivan and Associates today to talk to an attorney.
The attorneys at James G. Sullivan and Associates are experienced in defending family violence and related assault charges. We accept clients in Houston in Harris County, Conroe in Montgomery County, and Richmond in Fort Bend County, Texas. Do not put your freedom or clean record in jeopardy by going it alone. These legal issues are complex. Call us today at (281) 546-6428 and let us tell you how we will defend you.

Sunday

Domestic Violence Charges

Family Violence

Family violence in Houston is a very serious matter that can result in severe consequences to alleged offenders. By the end of September, the Houston Police Department has received almost 24,000 reports of domestic violence so far in 2019. Since taking office in 2017, Harris County District Attorney Kim Ogg has increased the number of family violence cases that prosecutors file from about 9,000 a year to almost 12,000 cases a year—a 33 percent increase in charges against a family member or someone in a dating relationship!
Obviously, many accusations of family violence or domestic violence are not true. Alleged victims often will falsely accuse someone they are in a dating relationship with or a family member of domestic violence. These serious and false allegations frequently arise from anger, jealousy, divorce or child custody disputes.
If you have been accused of a domestic or family violence crime, it is important to consult an experienced and reputable criminal defense attorney in Houston to defend you.
Houston Family Violence Lawyer
If you have been accused of family violence or domestic violence in the Greater Houston area, including Katy, Cypress, Jersey Village, Tomball, Spring, Humble, Pasadena, and many other nearby communities, contact James G. Sullivan and Associates.
Attorney James G. Sullivan will fight the allegations against you and strive to help you avoid serious consequences and punishments to your alleged offense. Call James G. Sullivan and Associates for a free consultation at (281) 546-6428 about your family violence charges.
Definitions of Family Violence in Harris County
Often, domestic violence or family violence cases involve legal terms that are unfamiliar to most people. These terms are defined in Chapter 71 of the Texas Family Code and are listed below.
  • Family Violence is often more commonly referred to as domestic violence, domestic abuse or dating violence, and is defined as an intentional act or threat by one family member against another that causes physical harm, bodily injury, assault or sexual assault.
  • Dating Violence is defined as an intentional act or threat by a person in a dating relationship against a person they are currently in a dating relationship with or were previously in a dating relationship with that causes physical or bodily harm.
  • Family Member is anyone who is related by blood, related by marriage, a former spouse, parent of the same child, step-parent or foster parent.
  • Household Member is anyone who resides or has previously resided in the same home, including individuals who are not in the same family such as roommates.
  • Protective Order is more commonly referred to as a restraining order, protection against family violence, or protection order, and is a court order issued by the judge if the judge determines family violence has occurred and is likely to occur again.
  • Protective Order Hearing is a hearing in which the judge determines whether or not family violence has occurred and is likely to occur in the future after both sides present evidence and any witnesses. If the judge determines family violence has occurred, the judge will issue a protective order
Family Violence Offenses in Houston
Some of the most commonly charged family violence offenses in Harris County can include, but are not limited to, the following—
According to Texas Penal Code § 22.01, an individual can be charged with domestic assault if they intentionally, knowingly or recklessly cause bodily injury; threaten; or, physically contact a family member, household member or person they are in a dating relationship with in a manner in which the other person would regard as offensive or provocative.
As defined in Texas Penal Code § 22.02, an individual can be charged with aggravated domestic assault if they commit assault with a deadly weapon against a family member or cause serious bodily injury to a family member, household member or person they are in a dating relationship with.
As defined in Texas Penal Code § 25.07, a violation of a protective order is cause by an individual knowingly or intentionally violating the terms of a protective order against them. This can include communicating with the family member who requested the protective order or going to their home or place of employment.
As defined by Texas Penal Code § 42.072, stalking is defined as repeatedly and knowingly engaging in conduct targeted at a specific person—
  • They will perceive as threatening,
  • that causes them to be afraid they will be seriously harmed, and
  • that would cause a reasonable person to fear injury or death to herself or her family members.
This offense can also include cyberstalking, which is defined as communicating with another person through e-mail or other electronic means strictly to harass that person.
According to Texas Penal Code § 22.04, an individual can be charged with injury to a child (child abuse) or injury to the elderly if they intentionally, knowingly, recklessly or with criminal negligence cause any type of bodily injury to a child or elderly adult.
Houston Punishment for Domestic Violence
Chapter 12 of the Texas Penal Code defines the general penalties to many family violence offenses in Houston. However, these penalties can vary, depending on whether the victim was elderly, disabled or a child, whether a weapon was used during the commission of the offense, the degree of domestic violence, whether bodily injury or death resulted from the offense, and whether the alleged offender has any previous criminal history.
  • An individual charged with a Class C misdemeanor domestic assault offense can result in a fine up to $500 (although we do not handle Class C misdemeanor offenses).
  • An individual convicted of a Class A misdemeanor domestic assault offense can receive a jail sentence up to one year and/or a fine up to $4,000.
  • An individual charged with a Class A misdemeanor violation of a protection order can receive a jail sentence up to one year and/or a fine up to $4,000.
  • A conviction for a felony of the third degree domestic assault, violation of a protective order, stalking, or child abuse offense can result in a prison sentence ranging from two to ten years and/or a fine not more than $10,000.
  • An individual charged with felony of the second degree domestic assault, aggravated domestic assault, stalking or child abuse offense can receive a prison sentence ranging from two to 20 years and/or a fine up to $10,000.
  • An individual convicted of a first degree aggravated domestic assault or child abuse offense can receive a prison term from five to 99 years or life imprisonment and/or a fine not more than $10,000.
Additionally, anyone who commits Continuous Violence Against a Family or household member can be convicted of a third degree felony offense, according to Texas Penal Code § 25.11. Continuous violence is defined as committing a family violence offense two or more times within a 12 month period.
James G. Sullivan and Associates | Houston Domestic Violence Attorney
Contact James G. Sullivan and Associates today at (281) 546-6428 for a free consultation about your family violence charges throughout Harris County in Texas. James Sullivan is an experienced criminal defense attorney in Houston who will make every effort to help you achieve the best outcome for your case.

Monday

Harris County Continuous Violence Against the Family Lawyer

Continuous Violence Against the Family

Domestic assault is usually a misdemeanor offense in Texas, but alleged offenders who have been previously convicted of assault family violence can be charged with a felony family violence charge if accused of committing a new domestic assault.
The crime of continuous violence against the family is defined as committing two or more domestic assaults within a period of 12 months. According to the statute, members of the jury are not required to agree unanimously on the specific conduct in which the alleged offender engaged that constituted assault involving family violence. Instead, a jury only needs to unanimously agree that the alleged offender engaged in conduct that constituted assault family violence two or more times in a period of 12 months or less.
Lawyer for Continuous Violence Against the Family in Houston, TX
If you were arrested in the Houston area for continuous violence against the family, it is in your best interest to immediately retain experienced legal counsel. James G. Sullivan and Associates aggressively defends clients accused of domestic violence offenses all over the Greater Houston area, including Katy, Cypress, Jersey Village, Tomball, Spring, Humble, Pasadena, and many other nearby communities.
Houston criminal defense attorneys James G. Sullivan and Associates can fight with the goal to get these criminal charges dismissed or reduced. Call (281) 546-6428 today to take advantage of a free, confidential consultation that will let our lawyers provide an honest and thorough evaluation of your case.
Continuous Violence Against the Family Charges in Harris County
Under Texas Penal Code § 25.11(a), a person can be charged with continuous violence against the family if he or she intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causes bodily injury to any person or persons whose relationship to or association with the accused is described by the following statutes:
  • “Dating Relationship” (Texas Family Code § 71.0021) means a relationship between individuals who have or have had a continuing relationship of a romantic or intimate nature. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on consideration of the length of the relationship, the nature of the relationship, and the frequency and type of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.
  • “Family” (Texas Family Code § 71.003) includes individuals related by consanguinity (one is a descendant of the other or they share a common ancestor) or affinity (they are married to each other or the spouse of one of the individuals is related by consanguinity to the other individual), individuals who are former spouses of each other, individuals who are the parents of the same child, without regard to marriage, and a foster child and foster parent, without regard to whether those individuals reside together.
  • “Household” (Texas Family Code § 71.005) means a unit composed of persons living together in the same dwelling, without regard to whether they are related to each other.
Continuous Violence Against the Family Punishment in Texas
Continuous violence against the family is classified as a third degree felony punishable by up to 10 years in prison and/or a fine of up to $10,000.
James G. Sullivan & Associates | Houston Continuous Violence Against the Family Lawyer
Were you recently arrested for continuous violence against the family in southeast Texas? You should always consult with a lawyer before talking with the authorities. Contact James G. Sullivan and Associates for a free, confidential consultation.
James G. Sullivan and Associates are experienced criminal defense attorneys in Houston who represent clients in communities throughout Harris County, Fort Bend County and Montgomery County. They can review your case and explain your legal options. They have a proven history of fighting to get the best result for clients accused of family violence. Call (281) 546-6428 for a free consultation.